Phonics teaches children to be able to identify the phonemes (sounds) that make up each word. It is important that children learn these sounds (which are different to the letter names) in order to learn to read and to spell words.

In phonics lessons children are taught all of the phonemes in the English language and how to write them down. These sounds are taught in a particular order:

Set one: m, a, s, d, t, i, n, p, g, o, c, k, u, b, f, e, l, h, sh, r, j, v, y, w, th, z, ch, qu, x, ng, nk

Set two: ay (play), ee (see), igh (high), ow (blow), oo (zoo), oo (book), ar (car), or (door), air (fair), ir (stir), ou (shout), oy (boy)

Set three: ea (team), oi (spoil), a-e (same), i-e (smile), o-e (home), u-e (huge), aw (yawn), are (care), ur (nurse), er (letter), ow (cow), ai (snail), oa (goat), ew (stew), ire (fire), ear (hear), ure (sure), tion (attention), tious/cious (scrumptious/delicious), e (he/we/be)


Children are also taught to be able to blend sounds together in the order they are written until they are able to say the word written.

Alongside this, children are taught to segment by saying a word and then breaking it into the sounds that make it up in order to enable spelling.

At Merton Bank we use the RWInc scheme to teach phonics. Children begin the programme  in reception and continue until they are fluent readers and are ready to move into targeted comprehension groups.

Rwinc sessions take place for 30 minutes four times a week and provide targeted phonics learning in small groups of up to 10 children with a trained RWInc group leader. Children are grouped based upon the phonemes (sounds) that they recognise and how fluently they can read a text. Children are re-assessed and re-grouped at the end of every half term.

For further information see your child's class teacher or click on the link here- Read Write Inc

 RWI co-ordinator- Mrs Brussels

To have a look through a sample Phonics Screening Check paper, please follow the link below: 


If you have any questions about the Phonics Screening Check please contact our Year One class teacher (Miss Pilkington) or our RWInc co-ordinator (Mrs Brussels).